Home Diet Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Diet Plan: Food List and Recipes Example

Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Diet Plan: Food List and Recipes Example

What is the type 1 diabetes diet?

Diabetes mellitus represents a leading cause of morbidity in Western countries.  It is  the most significant risk factor for the onset of type 2 diabetes. The most critical therapy plan is the combination of diet, lifestyle changes, and appropriate physical activity. This is topped by weight management and the prevention of any possible complications.

Prediabetes is defined as impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance or an HbA1c of 6.0 – 6.4 % (42-46 mmol/mol).

There has been a significant number of research studies to present that diabetes risk reduction has been highest in the individuals with weight reduction more than 5%, and fat intake less than 30% of total energy intake. They should also have saturated fat intake less than 10% of total energy intake, dietary fiber intake more than 15 g/1000 kcal and at least moderate intensity exercise for more than 4 hours per week.

In the case when dietary saturated fats are decreased, and a more significant amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are included in the diet, one can witness a reduction in the risk of the onset of diabetes. It is recommended as well that in this diet, extra virgin olive oil should be added.

There are many foods to be avoided such as sugar-sweetened drinks that increase the risk of developing diabetes mellitus type 2. The intake of cereal foods is linked to reduced risk of diabetes mellitus type 2.

It has been estimated that 2-4 servings of dairy foods such as milk, cheese and yogurt are linked to the reduced risk of metabolic syndrome, and consumption of minimum 1.5 helpings of milk, cheese and yogurt each day leads to decreased risk of diabetes mellitus 2.

In the prediabetes, the most important goal is to reduce the cardiovascular risk. Thus, the use of the Mediterranean diet menu has the most proven positive effect on the long-term impact on cardiovascular risk reduction.

What is the type 1 diabetes diet plan?

In individuals with type 2 diabetes, the diet plan needs to ensure that there is an adequate amount of fiber-rich whole grains, fresh fruit, and vegetables, organic lean cuts of organic meats and healthy fatty acids that originate from oily fish, avocado, coconut oil, and butter.

Thus, it is advisable to rule out all excessive carbohydrates from the diet, as well as to add more fibers.

Type 1 diabetic diet food list

Vegetables and fruits are the right sources of carbs for any person with diabetes. Refined carbohydrates with a high glycemic index are best avoided, as the body readily transforms them into simple sugars. When choosing grains, complex carbs are better choices. Brown rice, quinoa, barley, steel-cut oats, whole-wheat bread, buckwheat, and millets are some examples of complex carbohydrates.

According to the American Diabetes Association, it is recommended to have 135-230 milligrams of carbohydrates per day for the individuals with diabetes.  The limitation of the ingested carbohydrates is of vital importance, and it is a cornerstone of the diet.

The use of apple cider vinegar leads to a decrease in the gastric emptying and postprandial glycemia and insulin concentration. Pectin is the significant component of vine apple cider, and it regulates glucose blood levels by inhibiting the digestive absorption of fructose.

Avocados are high in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids that can decrease blood cholesterol levels and decrease overall cardiovascular risk. They may even reduce the risk for the onset of metabolic syndrome that may lead to conditions such as stroke, coronary artery disease, and diabetes.

Avocados are high in monounsaturated fatty acids that may regulate insulin resistance. Also, the fibers in avocado can control and balance glucose levels.

Chia seeds may improve risk factors for heart disease and diabetes, lead to better gastrointestinal health and increase blood levels of heart-healthy omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Chia seeds are recommended for individuals with type 2 diabetes. It has been shown that chia seeds consumption may lower individual risk factors such as hs-CRP and vWF.

Chia seeds are high in fibers and are of extreme benefit in diabetic patients. They can reduce glucose levels postprandial as well as inflammatory parameters. They are as well able to decrease insulin resistance and maintain glucose levels. Therefore, chia seeds minimize the risk factors for metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disorders.

type 2 diabetes diet

The key elements to be included in the menu are fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

The main purpose of this menu plan in pre-diabetes is to control glucose blood level and manage weight control risk factors for cardiovascular disease – most commonly high blood pressure and high blood fatty acids. Also, prevention of long-term complications such as nerve, kidney and heart damage is of vital importance. The cure for this type of chronic disease is not probable; however, it is very essential to try to prevent its advancement and halt its complications.

Patients with diabetes mellitus type 1 are recommended to increase the intake of high-fiber diets to lower glucose levels. Thus, in females, it is advisable to ingest 21-25 g/day and males 30-38 g/day dietary fibers. It has been estimated that a single banana contains nearly 3 grams of dietary fibers.

A Mediterranean diet includes at least two of the following ingredients: high in monounsaturated to saturated fat ratio, low-to-moderate red wine consumption, high consumption of legumes, high consumption of grains and cereals, high consumption of fruits and vegetables, low consumption of meat and meat products and increased consumption of fish, moderate consumption of milk and dairy products. If you are looking to lose weight, you can take a look at the best low cholesterol diet.

This diet is recommended to lose weight, and,\ it improves blood pressure and lowers triglyceride levels. There are several regimens that can help you shed off some pounds. One can think of the 21 day diet reviews.

Low carbohydrate diets include the use of low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet (LCKD): <50 g of carbohydrates (10% kilojoules) per day, low-carbohydrate diet (LCD): 50–130 g carbohydrates (10–26% of kilojoules) per day, moderate carbohydrate diet (MCD): 130–225g carbs daily (26–45% of kilojoules) per day. The effect is improved the glycemic index and weight reduction as well as an overall complication risk reduction in diabetic individuals.

Type 2 diabetes diet plan

In the gastrointestinal system, during digestion, there are simple carbohydrates – sugars and complex carbohydrates – starches that hydrolyze into blood glucose. The healthier carbs are fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes (beans, peas, and lentils) and low-fat dairy products.

Dietary fibers are present in plant parts that are not digestible or absorbable in the human organism.

There are several methods to maintain the glucose level within the normal range. The most common is the plate method which refers to a primary seven-step process of meal planning.  Initially, it is wise to fill one half of the plate with non-starchy vegetables (spinach, carrots, and tomatoes). Next, fill the final quarter with a whole-grain item or starchy food with the addition of fruit or dairy and drink (water, tea or coffee).

Glycemic index (GI) is a method that can stabilize glucose blood concentration via the appropriate diet. This method ranks carbohydrates according to the mechanism they control blood glucose level. Ingredient with low glycemic index does not lead to a spike in blood glucose. Thus food high on the GI list does. GI value of 70 or higher is considered a high value, 56-69 is considered intermediate, and 55 or lower is noted as low.

The next method is to count carbohydrates or food portions. It is recommended to ingest the same number of carbohydrates each day at regular intervals, particularly if already on diabetes medications or insulin.

The exchange lists system is advised to plan meals and snacks according to carbohydrates, protein sources, and fatty acids. For other types of diets, you can check the Yes you can diet plan recipes.

Foods that are high in dietary fibers include vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes (beans, peas, and lentils), whole-wheat flour and wheat bran. Fish is a fair alternative to high-fat meats (tuna, cod, and halibut). Certain fish such as salmon, mackerel, tuna, sardines, and bluefish are rich in omega-3 fatty acids that decrease the level of triglycerides.

It is advisable to avoid fried fish and fish with high mercury concentration (tilefish, swordfish and king mackerel). Certain foods may reduce the level of mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids. The most common are avocados, almonds, walnuts, olives, and canola.

It is known that diabetes mellitus increases the risk for the formation of clots and the hardening of arteries. Glycemic index is used for individuals with diabetes to select food, particular carbohydrates according to blood glucose levels.

Thus, we should look for a menu that includes high-fat dairy products and animal proteins (beef, hot dogs, sausage, and bacon consist of saturated fatty acids). Trans fatty acids are present in processed snacks, baked goods, shortening and stick margarine.

The most abundant sources of cholesterol are high-fat dairy products and high-fat animal proteins, egg yolks, liver and other organ meats. It is recommended not to ingest more than 200 milligrams of cholesterol per day.

The intake of sodium should be limited to less than 2300 mg per day. If hypertension is present as well, the limit is 1500 milligrams each day.

There are specific recommendations for the diabetic menu such as a need for 1200 to 1600 calories per day. In case of the morning meal, it is recommended to plan whole-wheat bread with two teaspoons jam, ½ cup shredded wheat cereal with a cup of 1% low-fat milk, a piece of fruit and coffee.

For lunch, cheese and vegetable pie in addition to a medium apple with two tablespoons almond butter and a glass of water are advisable. A snack can be composed of 2½ cups of popcorn or fruit with ½ cup 1% low-fat cheese.

When you follow this diet system correctly, it will help you lose weight and manage your blood sugar levels. You do not need to read about the Adipex diet pills. For those women who want to keep working out heavily but discovered that you have diabetes, you can adjust your bodybuilding diet for women according to the recommendations mentioned above.