Home Diet The Renal Diet Plan: Menu, Food, Recipes and Restrictions

The Renal Diet Plan: Menu, Food, Recipes and Restrictions

Renal and Kidney Diseases

Renal and kidney diseases happen when your kidneys stop working properly, whether for a short period of time or a prolonged one. At this stage, a person is required to follow a specific kind of diet.  Every healthy individual has 2 kidneys that are in charge of filtering the blood and getting the body rid of wastes and extra water through urine. Every kidney has millions of nephrons.

Common kidney diseases attack the nephrons and end up damaging the process of waste removal. These diseases could be caused by many factors such as injuries, some medications and even genetics. Some people who have other chronic diseases can end up developing kidney issues, such as diabetes and high blood pressure. By having a blood and urine test, you can identify any issue in your renal functions.

The Renal Diet Menu

For those suffering from renal and kidney problems, it is recommended to follow a certain diet; but, what is the renal diet? Is it the same as the diabetic diet? Well, the answer is definitely no!

A renal diet menu helps slow down the progression of the diseases; and, in some cases, promotes a better functioning of the renal system. You need it to minimize the amount of wastes that are accumulating in your blood due to the malfunctioning of your kidneys.

The renal diet guidelines are relatively simple. You need to have foods that are low in sodium, phosphorus and proteins. In this system, it is recommended to only have high-quality proteins. Depending on what stage of the disease you are at, your nutritionist will advise you on the allowed amount of proteins.

Renal Diet Food Options

The more studies are done, the better becomes the understanding of kidney diseases. Most researches have been focusing on what are called ‘super foods’. These protect against unwanted oxidations in the body, which can lead to the formation of free radicals that could damage the proteins in our body. Here is a food list of the top healthy foods for renal conditions:

  • Red bell peppers: These are very low in potassium and are rich in Vitamin C and A. They also contain lycopene, which is a powerful antioxidant with protective properties.
  • Cabbage: It is rich in phytochemicals that stops the cell damages caused by free radicals.
  • Cauliflower: This vegetable is packed with indoles, glucosinolates and thiocyanates. These help prevent the damages of cell membranes and DNA.
  • Garlic: These stop the accumulation of plaque on the teeth and reduce inflammation.
  • Onions: They are rich in quercetin.
  • Apples: They are the best food for people suffering from kidney issues. They are high in fibers.
  • Cranberries: These tasty berries protect against the infections of the urinary tract and bladder wall. They prevent bacteria from attaching to the walls of the bladder and stomach.
  • Blueberries: They are rich in anthocyanins that reduce inflammation.
  • Raspberries: These contain ellagic acid that neutralizes free radicals. They are also rich in flavonoids, Vitamin C and folate.
  • Strawberries: These are rich in anthocyanins and ellagitanins that are powerful antioxidants. They are also very high in Vitamin C and fiber. Both have anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Cherries: They reduce inflammation due to their content in phytochemicals and antioxidants.
  • Red Grapes: These contain flavonoids that can protect against inflammation. Red grapes contain resveratrol, that relaxes the muscles of the blood vessels and help a proper blood flow.

Renal Diet Recipes

When wanting to eat well, one has to start being creative with the list of food they are allowed to have. If not, resorting to cookbooks can be your answer. Here is a list of renal diet recipes:

Apple Cinnamon French Toast Strata

This recipe is made of the following ingredients: cinnamon raisin bread, cream cheese, apples, unsalted butter, ground cinnamon, eggs, half and half creamer, almond milk and pancake syrup.

Monday Morning French Toast

This is the perfect toast and is prepared by mixing brown sugar, unsalted butter, cinnamon, apples, cranberries, Italian bread, eggs, rice milk, and vanilla.

Asparagus Cauliflower Tortilla

This kind of tortilla is made of asparagus, cauliflower, olive oil, onions, garlic, eggs, parsley, ground pepper, dried thyme, and nutmeg.

Roasted Cauliflower with Rosemary

This recipe is very simple and consists of cauliflower florets, fresh rosemary, olive oil and black pepper.

Renal-safe Mac and Cheese

This is the best way to prepare this dish without hurting your kidneys. It is made of pasta, pimento cheese from Kraft, canned diced chilies and black pepper.

Renal Diet Restrictions

Individuals suffering from renal and kidney diseases should pay attention to 3 factors that are considered their enemies: Sodium, Potassium and Phosphorus.


It is a mineral that constitutes the basis of table salt. People suffering from renal diseases should avoid this mineral as it is negatively associated with their condition. While most people think that by lowering their sodium intake they only need to cut down on adding salt to their food; other understand that this sodium is found in so many other food and seasoning. Keep in mind that it is essential to reduce your intake to prevent any complication of your condition. So, here are a few tips on how to do it.

First, do not cook with salt and do not add salt when you eat.

Second, try to dissect the ingredients found in your seasonings and canned or ready-prepared food. Understand that the salt content of a serving has to be less than 300 mg. Also, check for labels stating “no salt added”. Do not use seasonings, as most of them have large amount of salt in them.

Third, when you buy your frozen food packages, make sure they are not soaked in a solution. Most of the time, this solution is nothing other than salt and water. Chicken breasts, steaks, and burgers are normally soaked in such sodium packed liquids.

Finally, stay away from food like bacon, hot dogs and sausages.


It is another mineral that should be avoided by people having renal disease. This mineral helps the muscles to work properly. When a person has renal problems, potassium builds up in the blood and changes your heart beat. The situation could worsen to the point of causing a heart attack.

It is found in many fruits and vegetables as well as meats and some dairy. Here is a list of foods to avoid:

  • cantaloupes and melons
  • This fruit is the basis of the BRAT diet: a system prescribed for both adults and children suffering from diarrhea.
  • Citrus Fruits like oranges, lemons, Grapefruits
  • Prunes
  • Tomatoes
  • Beans, Spinach, Swiss Chard, Kale, Winter Squash
  • Beans that are dried
  • Bran Cereals
  • Granola
  • Potatoes: These should be eaten very carefully. It is preferred to soak them in water for many hours then drain the water and cook them.


Another mineral that has to be avoided is phosphorus. When you have renal diseases, this mineral accumulates in the blood and drains your bones from calcium that will end up accumulating in your skin or vessels. That’s when people start easily breaking their bones. So, as far as its consumption, here are the guidelines:

  • Limit your dairy intake to 1 cup of milk or 1 ounce of cheese per day.
  • Some vegetables contain this mineral. You need to consume them once a week. These include: dried beans, broccoli, mushrooms, and Brussels sprouts.
  • Eat once a week granola or oatmeal.
  • Stay away from whole wheat bread and go for white bread instead.
  • Stay away from beer as it contains Phosphorus.

Prevent Obesity to Prevent Health Complications

One of the best ways to resolve any issue is to remove any excess fat. Prevention is always the key and people should not let themselves store too much fat. While some adopt an intensive burn fat diet that relies on high protein and low fat intakes, others prefer to use weight loss pills like the Green Coffee diet pills that are extracted from green coffee and contain Chlorogenic acid. This acid helps strip off your extra pounds while offering many health benefits.

From another angle, some might resort to the safflower oil diet. These pills contain linoleic and linolenic acids that are help stop the hardening of the arteries, lowering cholesterol levels and decreasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. These pills have been found very effective in losing weight and do not seem to have any side effect.

Some individuals might opt for a detox system especially after checking the lemonade diet reviews. This diet wants to have the individual on a liquid-only system: a drink similar to lemonade, salt-water, and a laxative tea. Reviews stated that following this system for 10 days will lead to drastic weight loss and a happier digestive system. After all, most detox systems improve a person’s well-being by cleansing the entire system and flushing the digestive tract.

Finally, a lot of people talk about the 1500 calorie diet plan. This system is a mix and match between several food items. You are given your options and their caloric content and you can do the mix the way you want it as long as the total will be 1500 calories per day. This system will help you lose weight and is designed by dieticians from EatingWell. Using this system, you will never get hungry and will always have great diverse options to your meals. Some claims state that you can lose up to 10 pounds in one month while still eating the food you crave.