Home Diet CARDIAC DIET Meal Plan: Menu, Food List, Recipes, and Guidelines

CARDIAC DIET Meal Plan: Menu, Food List, Recipes, and Guidelines

In the last 50 years in the United States, it has been estimated that there is a significant rise in diseases such as hypertension, diabetes and coronary artery disease. The American Heart Association, the National Institute of Health and the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute pointed out the significance of prevention via modification in lifestyle management.

Diagnostic testing and medications represent the primary treatment option in this particular case.

The primary focus should be on the importance of diet, exercise, and stress reduction, and lifestyle habits cannot be ignored. You do not need to check for weight loss pills like the Ephedrine diet pills.

The most common unhealthy diet is the one high in saturated fats, omega six fatty acids, high glycemic carbohydrates and many other artificial additives.

DASH diet (dietary approaches to stop hypertension) was introduced in the 1990s. It was concluded that dietary intervention alone led to decreased systolic blood pressure by about 6 to 11 mmHg. The positive outcome was noted in both hypertensive and normotensive individuals.  According to these conclusions, in certain individuals, DASH diet was recommended as the first line pharmacologic therapy along with lifestyle modification.

The main DASH diet strategy includes consumption of vegetables, fruits, lean meat and dairy products and the inclusion of micronutrients. It is necessary to decrease your daily intake of sodium to 1500 mg/day. The food should always be fresh and minimally processed.

What is cardiac diet plan?

It is the first line of defense against cardiovascular diseases as well as hypertension. DASH diet can reduce the incidence of colorectal cancer, predominantly in the white population.

The initial steps in cardiovascular disease prevention are reducing the size of portions, the inclusion of nutrient-rich food, and reducing high-sodium food. There are specific food lists that need to be limited such as coconut, vegetables with creamy sauces, fried or breaded vegetables, and canned fruit packed in heavy syrup, or frozen fruit with added sugar.

Other advice may include the decrease of saturated fatty acids in this easy diet by reducing the amount of meat or involving lean meats with less than 10 percent fat. It is recommended to use less butter and margarine.

It is useful as well to use low-fat substitutions such as having a baked potato with low sodium salsa or low-fat yogurt. Using low-sugar fruit instead of margarine.

It is advisable as well to check the certain label of products such as ones for cookies, cakes, frostings, crackers, and chips.

In case of fatty acids, monounsaturated fats such as olive oil or canola oil should be preferred. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, for example, the ones found in fish, nuts, and seeds, are also advised.

The use of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids is able to reduce the total blood cholesterol.

What is a cardiac menu (sample)?

It is necessary to plan your diet thoroughly in this specific case, as well as its portions – whether in plate, cup or bowl. Foods like vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low-fat dairy products and lean protein foods are comprised of the essential nutrients that an individual needs to maintain a heart-healthy eating plan.

DASH diet is comprised of the following food such as vegetables (5 servings each day), fruits (5 servings each day), carbohydrates  (7 servings each day), low-fat dairy products about 2 servings each day, lean meat products about 2 or fewer servings each day, and nuts and seeds  2 to 3 times per week. You can also take a look at the natural detox diet.

Carbohydrates in the diet are mainly in the form of cellulose and starches. Cellulose is present in plant fiber and not digestible in the human body. Carbs are promoted in the diet as they are energy suppliers and contain protective micronutrients. Low carb diets are not healthy due to the fact their ability to decrease caloric intake. Check the sugar-free diet menu.

Healthy carbohydrates included under DASH include green leafy vegetables (kale, broccoli, spinach, collards, and mustards), whole grains (cracked wheat, millets, and oats), low glycemic index fruits, legumes, and beans.

Fats show a negative impact on the development of the chronic diseases. Fats are classified as good fats and bad fats. Good fats can decrease the rate of inflammation, increase the percentage of essential fatty acids and promote overall health.

These fats, when consumed in moderation, have shown an increase in HDL and lowering of small dense LDL particles.

Other sources of good fats included in DASH are olive oil, avocados, nuts, hemp seeds, flax seeds and fish rich in omega three fatty acids.

Ground flaxseed is recognizable as tiny brown seeds high in fiber and omega-3 fatty acids, which may reduce the cholesterol level. Feel free to explore some recipes from the zero belly diet.

What are cardiac diet foods?

These can be fresh, frozen, or with low sodium canned vegetables (such as green beans, soups, carrots, cabbage, tomatoes, squash, broccoli, and okra).

The most common fruits are supposed to be fresh, frozen, canned (packed in fruit juice), or dried fruits without added sugar (such as oranges, papaya, bananas, apples, mangoes, pineapples, watermelons, peaches, fruit cocktail, and raisins), brown, grains (wheat or rye), sandwich, dinner rolls, pita bread, pan de salt (salt bread), and bagels. These can be excellent snacks.

Additionally, unsalted, low-fat crackers (such as graham crackers), unsalted pretzels, and plain popcorn are recommended. Cooked hot cereals (not instant) and whole grain cold cereals are included as well.

Rice and pasta (such as whole grain noodles, spaghetti, and macaroni) are occasionally favored, as well as noodles and steamed brown rice.

Amongst highly protein foods, chicken or turkey without the skin, fish, lean cuts of meat, beef, pork, eggs, tofu, and beans, peas (black beans, pinto beans, kidney beans and lentils).

Nuts and seeds are high in proteins as well. Amongst dairy there are fat-free or low-fat (1%) milk, fat-free or low-fat yogurt, cheeses lower in fat and sodium.

Bad fats which include margarine, vegetable shortenings, partially hydrogenated vegetable oils, cause an increase small LDL particles, which promotes atherogenesis.

Fats are a highly condensed source of energy and have to be consumed in moderation.

DASH recommends more servings of plant proteins like legumes, soy products, nuts, and seeds.

Animal protein in the diet should mainly compose of lean meats, low-fat dairy, eggs, and fish.

Processed and cured meats are not recommended as they have shown to cause hypertension and also contain carcinogens.

DASH diet favors food such as the one rich in potassium, calcium and magnesium as these prevent endothelial dysfunction and promote endothelial and smooth muscle relaxation. Food rich in potassium includes bananas, oranges and spinach. Calcium is rich in dairy products and green leafy vegetables.

DASH diet promotes the inclusion of certain foods which are rich in potassium, calcium, and magnesium as these prevent endothelial dysfunction and promote endothelial, smooth muscle relaxation. Some of the foods rich in potassium include bananas, oranges, and spinach. Calcium is rich in dairy products and green leafy vegetables. Magnesium is present in a variety of whole grains, leafy vegetables, nuts, and seeds.

Canola oil is included in a low-glycemic index diet. It has been shown that it improves glycemic control and blood lipids in type 2 diabetes.

Cardiac diet recipes?

A cardiac diet is essential in the individuals with high cholesterol or heart disease. Such diet plans should be following these rules:

  • Have to be low in sodium, saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol.
  • It is recommended to ingest less than 2,000 milligrams of sodium per day.
  • Low-sodium foods have to contain 140 milligrams or less of sodium per serving.
  • You have to reduce your fat intake to 25 to 35 percent of total calories.
  • Less than 7 percent of your food has to be from saturated fat and 1 percent or less from Tran’s fat.
  • Low-fat food options have to consist of less than 3 grams of fat per serving.
  • High cholesterol intake should be limited to 300 milligrams or less per day or even 200 milligrams per day.

A healthy cardiac morning meal should be comprised of the food high in salt, fatty acids and cholesterol in moderate portions.

When you start your day with a consistent and filling healthy breakfast, you would provide your system with what it needs regarding fuel and nutrients.

Breakfast foods can usually have a high amount of salt with hidden fat and cholesterol content. It is of vital importance to choose the right food and eat the right portions.  Healthy cardiac breakfast choices include:

  • cooked oatmeal or cream of wheat,
  • whole-grain toast,
  • low-fat yogurt or milk,
  • fresh fruit,
  • a vegetable omelet with egg whites,
  • low-sodium turkey bacon or sausage.

It is recommended to use margarine or butter that contains trans fat less frequently.

A healthy lunch should be low in sodium, fatty acids, and cholesterol.  Food with a decreased level of sodium is most common vegetables such as lettuce, tomato, and red onion.

Your at-home dinner meal needs to be moderate in salt, fatty acids, and cholesterol. Most commonly recommended is fresh beef, pork, poultry or fish. Also, soy, brown rice, pasta or quinoa, textured protein, and beans may be a healthy choice. You can also check some recipes from the Hmr diet shakes.

Cardiac diet guideline?

It is recommended to ingest grains (6 to 8-ounce equivalents a day), fruits (1.5 to 2 cups a day), vegetables (2.5 to 3 cups a day), proteins (5.5 to 6 ounce equivalents a day) and dairy.

According to several studies it was concluded that DASH diet helps lower blood glucose levels, triglycerides, LDL-C, and insulin resistance. Consequently, DASH diet represents a very important addition to pharmacological therapy in metabolic syndromes, weight loss, weight management and control of type-2 diabetes. It is a favorable nutrition diet for patients with heart failure due to its positive effect on reduction of dietary sodium and stimulating the intake of potassium, magnesium and calcium.  You can start by trying it for a period of 3 days and then you start making more significant changes. Feel free to explore the green tea detox diet.

The DASH diet may also reduce the risk of some cancers, and the calcium in the dairy products would help to lower the risk of osteoporosis. If you are looking to prevent osteoporosis, you have to start by keeping your weight healthy at all times. You can try the Beyond Diet program.