It is common to hear some people refer to weight loss surgery as bariatric surgery. It is a surgical operation, which helps to rapidly reduce excess weight. Weight loss surgery is only recommendable and necessary for patients whose obesity status have reached critical and life-threatening problems related to their weight. It also should be the last option after having tried all other weight loss techniques.
Which types of weight loss surgery are available?
When it comes to weight loss surgery options, there are four main types to choose from:
- Gastric adjusting band – This involves the implantation of a flexible band at the top side of the stomach. This works by inhibiting any potential excessive intake of food.
- Gastric sleeve – A part of the stomach known as the gastric sleeve is left to be the only functioning part of the stomach. This is achieved by surgically removing the lower part of the stomach.
- Gastrectomy – This is much more complicated and involves surgically removing a part of the stomach. This means that less food will be needed to fill the remaining part. As a result, individuals will not eat much after this operation.
- Gastric bypass – It is one of the most popular of the available weight loss surgery options. It involves diverting the digestive track towards a shorter route, which means that most of the food taken will not be absorbed into the body system.
When is surgery the best option to consider?
If you know how to calculate your BMI, check to make sure it does not go past 27. If the index hits 30 or above and is combined with obesity-related conditions, it is likely that you will have to consider one of the available surgery options.
Weight loss surgery is considered a very good option when a person’s BMI has reached the 35-40 index mark. With a BMI that high, it is probable that most digestive organs, like the gallbladder, will not be able to function properly.
Why consider surgery?
Excess weight brings about a lot of undesired repercussions. It may start with simple breathing problems, but by the time you are considering weight loss surgery, it is likely that diabetes and blood pressure problems could be affecting you.
It is even worse for teens, for they also have to deal with stigmatization that is related to obesity. Teens will only be considered for bariatric surgery if they are extremely obese and have related health conditions. If carried out by a professional, weight loss surgery can help someone lose a significant amount of weight over short periods of time.
What is the cost of surgery?
There is a very high demand for weight loss surgery in the world today. The surgeons and the surgery itself can cost anywhere from $10,000 to $25,000. Insurance can offset the cost of surgery.
The Gastric Band is the least expensive surgery. However, this depends on which country you are accessing the services from. Private hospitals may charge more, but the average price above holds true.
Conditions for new surgery patients
It is necessary that patients are familiar with all the side effects of surgery. They also need to be prepared to change their lifestyle so they will lose the weight and keep it off.
Side effects of surgery
Various health and lifestyle related side effects follow most weight loss surgeries. It is very important that you visit your doctor if you notice any of the following:.
- Fatigue – Sometimes there is not enough food to provide the required amount of blood sugar in the body and nutrients can be absorbed differently after surgery, which can cause fatigue.
- Stomach infections – This is when bacteria is in your gut and causes inflammation which results in frequent stomach aches, diarrhea, and nausea.
- Internal pain – Like any surgery, this occurs in the area where you had surgery. If it is severe, call your doctor because while post-surgical pain is expected, it is always best to inform your doctor of unusual side effects.
- Malnutrition – Episodes of common malnutrition cases might be experienced. This is brought about by the fact that weight loss surgery is likely to reduce the amount of food substances circulating in the body.